When my Pit Bull Hudson developed an abscess, I didn’t really know what it was. The only kind of “abscess” I’d heard of was the one in my mom’s tooth. So, on the sudden discovery of the swelling in Huddie’s left front leg from shoulder to paw, I frantically jumped online to do research before heading to the vet. I’ve found that you can often get quicker results with medical issues by searching by image. And there they were — pictures of mostly ruptured dog abscesses which could make the strongest stomach turn.
What is a dog abscess?
An abscess is a collection of pus that occurs anywhere on your dog’s body. Causes include parasites, bites, and bacteria. It’s actually protecting the body by localizing an infection. White blood cells move into the area and collect in the tissue.
You’ll usually see a swelling under the skin; if an abscess has formed on top of the skin or the skin has broken away, you would likely see a red, raised bump. And remember, an abscess is squishy and warm.
Abscesses can be painful, so your dog will let you know — but if you have a dog who is pain-tolerant, such as my Hudson, that may not be a good clue.
Does a dog abscess need to be treated by a professional?
Talk to your vet to determine whether the abscess can be drained and treated at home or needs to be done at the office. Your dog will need professional treatment if you are not able to be very diligent about keeping things sterile and sanitary, or if it is very large and you cannot drain the abscess on your own. In this case, your vet will make an incision. Surgery may be necessary.
How to treat an abscess on your dog at home
I had my vet’s blessing to home-treat Hudson, even though his abscess was so huge. Remember that even if you just call your vet or send him pictures, you’ll still need your vet to prescribe a course of antibiotics, which must be finished. (And note that you should always check with your vet first rather than launching into any kind of home medical treatment.)
Home treatment is likely okay if you are obsessive about making everything sanitary and sterile. Make sure you remember to flush the abscess and apply a wound cream several times a day. Also note that you are not likely to get sick treating the abscess because of the way it looks, feels, and smells. Really! We’re talkin’ Essence de Dog Pus here! Often, skin and fur will fall off at first, too, so be sure you can handle that.
Your dog can be easily treated by you if, for example, he’ll let you flush the abscess with saline and stick your finger waaaaaay up into the pocket of the abscess to apply ointment.
Before you begin, make sure you have the right tools:
- Alcohol. To sterilize your hands whenever you are going to touch the abscess or anything or any area that comes in contact with the abscess’ excretions.
- Sterile saline solution. To rinse all those pockets of the abscess.
- Wound ointment. My vet gave me an all-natural foam; yours may have a different solution. It also must be sterile.
Now, follow these instructions:
- Apply pressure and squeeze. If the abscess hasn’t ruptured on its own, apply a warm compress (a towel soaked in warm to hot water) and gently press down and squeeze the abscess. It will probably take quite a few applications to get it to drain depending on the size. Pus will flow like wine when it ruptures, so be sure to have another towel under the abscessed area.
- Keep it centered. You may or may not see an accumulation of pus in the center of a pocket. If so, be sure to remove all of this.
- Clean like a crazy person. An abscess should NOT be covered. It has to heal in the same way as a puncture wound, from the inside out. That means as pus continues to emit from the wound, you’ll have to clean up constantly at first.
Follow your vet’s instructions. My vet told me to rinse the abscess twice a day, apply the wound foam once to twice a day, and to make sure Hudson took all of the antibiotic.
Despite all the attention it needs, try not to obsess on the abscess. It takes a long time for an abscess to heal. It’s been a month since I started treating Hudson’s and it’s still got a way to go.
You will get to know this abscess intimately. And don’t let the extreme grossness and shocking nakedness of an abscess deter you from treating it at home. Think of it as another opportunity to bond with your dog.
Has your dog ever had an abscess? Did you treat it at home or at the vet? Let us know in the comments!
Read more on caring for your dog:
- Taking Care of Your Dog’s Anal Glands
- The Five Most Common Dog Physical Problems
- Dog Health Care
- Six Summertime Hazards for Dogs
- 12 Dog Emergencies That Need Immediate Veterinary Attention
- I Expressed My Dog’s Anal Glands and It Was Pretty Gross
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